The Lancet report on state of the world's health identifies key drivers of ill health, disability and death in countries to help governments identify national health challenges
At least 1870 independent experts in 127 countries and territories collaborated to prepare an up-to-date analysis on the state of the world's health. Titled ‘Global Burden of Disease, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) 2015’, the study by Lancet reveals the key drivers of ill health, disability and death in countries to help governments and donors identify national health challenges.
The study analysed 249 causes of death, 315 diseases and injuries and 79 risk factors in 195 countries and territories between 1990 and 2015. For the first time, GBD 2015 includes the Socio-Demographic Index (SDI) to measure development. It is based on per capita income, level of education and total fertility rate.
According to the study, life expectancy increased by more than a decade. However, seven out of 10 deaths are now caused due to non-communicable diseases.
The study also points out that that people are spending more years living with illness and disability. Although healthy life expectancy has increased in 191 of 195 countries between 1990 and 2015, it has not increased as much as overall life expectancy, which means people are living more years with illness and disability.
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