Gap between resources and needs has grown along with rise in migrant population
In Eastern Africa, the number of refugees has nearly tripled in the past 10 years to almost 5 million, including 300,000 new refugees last year alone, the United Nations agencies said in a joint statement.
Along with the number of refugees in need of support, the gap between resources and needs has also grown. More than 70 per cent refugees do not get a full ration due to funding shortfalls, the statement said. Conflict, climate shocks and COVID-19, combined with spiraling costs of food and fuel, is behind this crisis, it added.
“Stretched humanitarian resources have forced aid groups to slash food rations, putting more and more children below the age of five at the risk of stunting and wasting,” said Clementine Nkweta-Salami, regional bureau director, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, East, Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes.
Floods and droughts are becoming more frequent and intense across the world. Countries like Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan have been severely impacted, with worsening food insecurity, the statement said.
Refugees are one of the most vulnerable populations. With almost 1.6 million refugees and asylum seekers, Uganda hosts the largest number of refugees in Africa (third-largest in the world).
Sudan and Ethiopia with 1.1 million and 837,000 refugees and asylum seekers, respectively, are next in East Africa, followed by Kenya (547,000), South Sudan (340,000), Tanzania (248,000), Rwanda (122,000), Burundi (86,000) and Djibouti (35,000).
The UN World Food Programme (WFP) requires $226.5 million dollars to provide full rations for refugees across Eastern Africa for April-September 2022, according to Oxfam, a global network of non-profits.
Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia are experiencing the driest weather in 40 years, while South Sudan is witnessing floods, Oxfam noted.
March-May 2022 will be dry, with high temperatures and below-normal rainfall, according to the analysis by Inter-Governmental Authority on Development's Climate Prediction and Applications Centre.
In South Sudan, three consecutive years of increased flooding, the loss of livelihoods, destruction of farmland, livestock and subsequent displacement have deepened the hunger crisis.
We are a voice to you; you have been a support to us. Together we build journalism that is independent, credible and fearless. You can further help us by making a donation. This will mean a lot for our ability to bring you news, perspectives and analysis from the ground so that we can make change together.
Comments are moderated and will be published only after the site moderator’s approval. Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name. Selected comments may also be used in the ‘Letters’ section of the Down To Earth print edition.