Agriculture

IPR claims by big companies; farmers' food security under threat

Patents on seeds by corporations leave farmers unable to save or share seeds

 
By DTE Staff
Last Updated: Wednesday 09 March 2016 | 17:53:56 PM
Patent laws allow private companies to claim ownership on seeds
Patent laws allow private companies to claim ownership on seeds Patent laws allow private companies to claim ownership on seeds

Agricultural corporations may be impacting the right to food of women by taking legal action against farmers for breaching patent laws, as per a new UN study.

“Big companies are suing farmers because they are using patented seeds without the permission. This is a very serious issue and millions of dollars the corporations are taking from the farmers because the farmers no longer own the seeds,”  , UN special rapporteur on the right to food, Hilal Elver  was quoted as saying by Firstpost.

Farmers traditionally own the seeds, but international property rights in the agriculture sector are becoming a norm. Patent laws allow private companies to claim ownership on seeds. Agricultural development has traditionally been under public sector, however, competitive markets and private companies have changed the scenario.

The 10 largest agricultural biotechnology companies invest around US $1.86 billion a year, on new product development, amounting to about 7.5 per cent of these companies' total sales revenue, the report says. The companies recover the money by patenting seeds, it added.

“The greatest implication of the IPR regime on women and their right to food relates to seed-saving — a practice that is both predominantly controlled by women and a critical component of small-scale, subsistence agriculture,” Elver told the media.

Elver has given an example of agri-giant Monsanto in the report, that has filed 147 cases against farmers in the USA since 1997.

Women, who comprise of 20-30 per cent of the agricultural workforce, are used to seed-saving and sharing, and would have to choose between discontinuing the traditional practice and committing an intellectual property crime, Elver’s report comments.

The matter will be discussed by International Union for Protection of New Varieties of Plant (UPOV) in Geneva next week.

Subscribe to Weekly Newsletter :

Related Story:

Missing pulse

Brazil’s GM corns no more resistant against bugs

Tennessee farmer punished for storing GM seeds

Monsanto wins against Indiana farmer

We are a voice to you; you have been a support to us. Together we build journalism that is independent, credible and fearless. You can further help us by making a donation. This will mean a lot for our ability to bring you news, perspectives and analysis from the ground so that we can make change together.

Comments are moderated and will be published only after the site moderator’s approval. Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name. Selected comments may also be used in the ‘Letters’ section of the Down To Earth print edition.