Adani, Azure Power win solar bids in Uttar Pradesh

Solar energy is significant for the energy mix because of its decentralised and modular nature

By Aruna Kumarankandath
Last Updated: Friday 29 January 2016 | 12:14:13 PM

Apprehension for development of renewable energy has always been that the cost of generating one unit of power from thermal sources is much less than the cost of renewable power

Bids for solar energy projects bagged by Adani Power and Azure Power in Uttar Pradesh are higher than those announced last week for the National Thermal Power Corporation projects in Rajasthan.

Both the companies won the auction with bids worth 50 MW each at Rs 4.78 per unit which is higher than the record low of Rs 4.34 set this month.

Table: Lowest bids in solar auctions across various states in 2015

Source: Updated after being compiled from various sources



Bid Volume (in MW)

Lowest Bid (Rs/MW)

Madhya Pradesh

June 15




August 15




August 15




September 15



Andhra Pradesh

November 15




January 16



Uttar Pradesh

January 16



Reverse bidding is being attributed to the lowering of tariffs. But the volumes—3,470 MW in the past seven months—give the economies of scale benefit.

“The tariff for Uttar Pradesh is higher because of the smaller project size and also due to lower solar radiation in the state compared to Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan and Maharashtra. Adjusted for these factors, the tariffs are as aggressive as we have seen elsewhere,” Vinay Rustagi, the managing director of Bridge to India, a solar consultancy, said.

There are several conditions that make Uttar Pradesh a difficult place for investment. Unlike Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh, where the bids were for a solar park that are already being set up, in the former the developers will have to acquire land for projects.

Chart shows all the seven bidders with the quoted price for the two Uttar Pradesh projects (Source: UPNEDA)

Chart shows all the seven bidders, along with the quoted price for the projects 

Source: UPNEDA

Historically, acquiring land is a problem as it not only involves dealing with the revenue department of the respective state, but investors have to take consent from the public if private land is involved.

Apprehension for development of renewable energy has always been that the cost of generating one unit of power from thermal sources is much less than the cost of renewable power.

With declining trends in solar tariffs, grid parity has been achieved much sooner than expected. It is a good sign for the country as a whole as there is no more reason as to why thermal power should be preferred over renewable energy, particularly solar.

The fact is that solar energy is preferred is because of its decentralised and modular nature. But the development in solar has only been large-scale solar powers and at the gigawatt level.

In a country where 300 million people (2011 census), still do not have access to electricity, the focus should be on generating more power.

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IEP Resources:

Uttar Pradesh Rooftop Solar Photovoltaic Power Plant Policy, 2014

Question raised in Rajya Sabha on solar power generation in major cities, 21/07/2014

Uttar Pradesh solar power policy 2013

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