Sugar mills owe cane farmers Rs 18,143 crore

Food minister Paswan’s information to Parliament dates some dues back to 2017-18 season

By Jitendra
Published: Tuesday 02 July 2019

Sugar mills owe more than Rs 18,000 crore to farmers nine months after the cane crushing season started, food minister Ram Vilas Paswan told Parliament on July 2, 2019. The situation will turn more complex if not resolved soon as another season will start in three months.

Some of the dues — Rs 303 crore date back to the 2017-18 season, while the dues for the 2018-19 season was Rs 17,840 crore, Paswan said.

Uttar Pradesh topped the chart with the bulk — Rs 10,183 crore — of the due. It was followed by:

  • Karnataka - Rs 1,709 crore
  • Maharashtra - Rs 1,400 crore
  • Punjab - Rs 964 crore
  • Bihar - Rs 949 crore
  • Gujarat - Rs 908 crore
  • Uttarakhand – Rs 650 crore
  • Tamil Nadu - Rs 362 crore
  • Haryana - Rs 293 crore
  • Telangana – Rs 155 crore
  • Chhatisgarh - Rs 108 crore
  • Madhya Pradesh - Rs 87 crore
  • Odisha – Rs 75 crore

The dues were around Rs 24,000 crore at March-end, forcing political parties to promise to resolve the issue.  

The Sugarcane (Control) Order, 1966 stipulates payment for cane within 14 days of supply. An interest at 15 per cent per annum is levied after that.

State governments are empowered to make mills pay interest on dues. No mill, however, has paid an interest.

Unpaid small and marginal farmers, meanwhile, fall into a debt trap, borrowing at high rate from local money lenders to fund the next season’s farming.

“I have to borrow at 30 percent per annum,” said Rishipal Choudhary who holds half a hectare in Balwa village in UP’s Shamli district. He is owed Rs 73,000 by a local mill.

Sugarcane is a highly politicised crop. Most mills are either owned or influenced by political parties. Nearly a third of the total 543 Lok Sabha constituencies are influenced by 724 mills and 50 million of cane growers.

India produced a record 32.328 million tonne (MT) sugar in 2017-18 and around 32 MT in 2018-19. Over-production and a depressed international market have led to a supply-side glut.

Governments, however, have supported mills with soft loans up to Rs 10,540 crore, a minimum selling price of Rs 31 and export subsidies.

The Centre has also tried to diversify the sector, encouraging the production of ethanol from sugarcane juice by fixing remunerative prices.

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