Governance

KINFRA tried to manipulate its way around CRZ rules, but failed: CAG

The Kerala state body tried to change the status of the land it acquired for a marine park near Kozhikode as it was 50 metres away from the seashore

 
By Himanshu Upadhyaya
Last Updated: Wednesday 27 June 2018 | 06:42:31 AM

Credit: A beach in Beypore                 Credit: Wikimedia CommonsAn audit report, which was tabled in the Kerala Assembly on June 19, has questioned the land acquisition for the Kerala Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation’s (KINFRA) proposed marine park at Beypore, Kozhikode.

CAG’s performance audit of KINFRA found that the proposal for the marine park was submitted to the Kerala government in December, 2007. The project envisaged the development of 10 hectares of land lying very close to the Beypore fishing harbour. The state government accorded sanction to the project in July, 2008 under the Assistance to States for Developing Export Infrastructure and other Allied Activities (ASIDE) scheme.

Following this, KINFRA acquired a 9-hectare site, owned by private individuals and situated at a distance of 50 metres from the seashore. However, plans to develop the land as a marine park soon hit a roadblock when it was found that it fell under the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ)-III category.

Trying to find a way around the CRZ stipulations, the state government decided to notify the area as ‘urban’ by including it under the Kozhikode Municipal Corporation and so categorizing it under CRZ-II. However, that move didn’t solve the environmental violation tangle, since the change in identity of the earmarked land from CRZ-III to CRZ-II would be possible only if the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change approved the amended Coastal Zone Management Plan and revised the CRZ map of the area, which was pending as of December 2017.

In its audit observation, the CAG pronounced that KINFRA acquired the land without ascertaining its environmental status. The auditor criticised KINFRA for failing to achieve its intended objective of setting up a marine park, leading to non-development of the land acquired for more than seven years.

“As per the Comprehensive Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy of the Kerala Government (November 2011) for land acquisition, the land should be utilised within three years,” highlighted the CAG auditors.

In its reply to the audit objection, the state government, in February 2018, said, “Efforts are being made to categorise the land under CRZ-II category so that permissible industrial activities connected with a marine park could be initiated.”

The CAG found this reply unacceptable because the land acquired in 2010-11 could not be utilised for its intended purpose even after seven years.

The proposal for change in categorisation as well as the decision to declare this land parcel as ‘urban’ appears to lack any ecological justification and bringing the area under the jurisdiction of Kozhikode Municipal Corporation also seems to be an afterthought.

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IEP Resources:

Draft Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 2018

Politics of development: Land acquisition and economic development in India

Marine national park and marine sanctuary eco-sensitive zone: draft notification

Policy of the State of Kerala for compensation in land acquisition

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