Health

India’s obesity doubled in 10 years: NFHS-4

The National Family Health Survey highlights that obesity affects urban population more than its rural counterpart

 
By Kundan Pandey
Published: Friday 01 April 2016

Experts believe that obesity is the major reason for developing different types of diabetes mellitus (ThinkStock Photos)

Even as India battles malnutrition, the country has developed another nutritional problem—obesity. In past 10 years, the number of obese people has doubled in the country, according to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4).

As per the survey conducted by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), released on Tuesday, people having Body Mass Index (BMI) more than 25 kilogram per metre square have been considered as obese.

Most of the states have experienced sharp rise in the number of obese people. Andhra Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar, Puducherry and Sikkim have more than 30 per cent of their populations falling under the “obese” category. More than 10 per cent population in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Tripura and West Bengal is obese; doubling since the last National Family Health Survey of 2005-06.

Experts believe that obesity is the major reason for developing different types of diabetes mellitus. Several researchers have highlighted that obesity accounts for 80-85 per cent of the risk of developing type-2 diabetes.

Percentage of obesity in various states as recorded in NFHS-4 and NFHS-3

State

  of Men (15-49 years) who are overweight or obese- NFHS-4

Men who are overweight or obese- NFHS-3

Women who are overweight or obese- NFHS-4

Women who are overweight or obese- NFHS-3

Andhra Pradesh

33.5

 

33.2

 

Andaman and Nicobar

38.2

 

31.8

 

Bihar

12.6

6.3

11.7

4.6

Goa

32.6

15.5

33.5

20.2

Haryana

20.0

10.8

21.0

17.4

Karnataka

22.1

10.9

23.3

15.3

Madhya Pradesh

10.9

4.3

13.6

7.6

Meghalaya

10.1

5.9

12.2

5.3

Puducherry

37.1

 

36.7

 

Sikkim

34.8

11.9

26.7

15.4

Tamil Nadu

28.2

14.5

30.9

20.9

Telangana

24.2

 

28.1

 

Tripura

15.9

4.8

16.0

7.1

Uttarakhand

17.7

7.9

20.4

12.8

West Bengal

14.2

5.5

19.9

11.4

 

Urban-Rural Divide

The survey highlights that urban population is more prone to obesity as compared to their rural counterparts. In Andhra Pradesh, 44.4 per cent urban men suffered from obesity, while the percentage in rural parts was 28 per cent. Similarly, 45.6 per cent of the urban women in the state were obese against the 27.6 per cent women in rural Andhra Pradesh. In Bihar, around 20 per cent urban and 11 per cent rural men were obese.

Additionally, three in ten women are overweight in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Puducherry, and Tamil Nadu.

 

Percentage of obesity in rural and urban areas in various states

  Urban Rural

State

Men

Women

Men

Women

Andhra Pradesh

44.4

45.6

28.0

27.6

Andaman and Nicobar

38

38.3

38.3

26.6

Bihar

20.1

23.5

10.9

9.7

Goa

35.3

36.3

28.2

28.5

Haryana

21.0

24.3

19.3

18.8

Karnataka

28.6

31.8

17.1

16.6

Madhya Pradesh

17.6

23.8

7.8

9.1

Meghalaya

17.1

18.4

8.1

10.2

Puducherry

40.5

38.1

30.8

33.6

Sikkim

41.5

34.1

29.7

23.1

Tamil Nadu

30.6

36.2

25.6

25.4

Telangana

31.9

39.5

17.9

18.5

Tripura

18.2

23.5

14.9

12.8

Uttarakhand

23.0

28.4

14.1

16.0

West Bengal

20.7

30.6

11.2

15.0

The reports also highlights that anaemia has declined in the country. However, it still remains widespread as more than half the women in eleven States/Union Territories are anaemic.

NFHS-4 is fourth in a series of national surveys. Previously, National Family Health Surveys have been carried out in 1992-93 (NFHS-1), 1998-99 (NFHS-2) and 2005-06 (NFHS-3). NFHS-4 is the first of these to collect data from each of India’s 29 States and all seven Union Territories.

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