Natural Disasters

Extreme hunger in South Sudan pushes locals to gather food for survival

Households are now surviving by gathering food, as they are unable to grow their own or earn money to buy any

 
By DTE Staff
Last Updated: Tuesday 28 February 2017 | 05:43:46 AM

By July, around 5.5 million people or nearly half the country’s population, will not have a reliable source of food (Credit: FAO in Emergencies)

About 4.9 million people or more than 40 per cent of South Sudan’s population is urgent need of food. The widespread famine has left thousands starving.

Ethnic conflicts, crumbling economy and drought have led to the worst food shortage in years in the region. Many believe that this is the worst hunger catastrophe since fighting erupted more than three years ago. News agency Reuters recently reported that households are now surviving by gathering food, as they are unable to grow their own or earn money to buy any. Families in the region, who also have to hide from patrolling gunmen, haven’t eaten in days.

Famine is affecting parts of Unity State in the northern-central part of the country. A formal famine declaration means people have already started dying of hunger, as per UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

By July, around 5.5 million people or nearly half the country’s population, will not have a reliable source of food. A newly-released Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis shows that at least 30,000 people are living in extreme conditions and are facing starvation and death.

"The people are predominantly farmers and war has disrupted agriculture. They've lost their livestock, even their farming tools. For months there has been a total reliance on whatever plants they can find and fish they can catch," said an FAO representative.

On February 21, FAO, UNICEF and World Food Programme, released a joint statement highlighting the emergency, “We stand united in our appeal to all parties to facilitate immediate and safe access for humanitarian actors and to respect the humanitarian space as a wider famine can only be prevented if assistance is urgently scaled up and reaches those most in need.”

UN agency FAO has underlined the need and ways to support fisherfolk in the country to improve food availability a Emergency Livelihood Response Programme in the region. As the crisis intensifies, more people may resort to fishing. FAO is distributing fishing kits to people affected by the crisis to provide an immediate source of food, providing a means to survive, but also offer income opportunities to enhance their ability to bounce back.

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Related Story:

Famine declared in South Sudan; about 4.9 million people in urgent need of food

South Sudan in the throes of food insecurity

3.9 million people in South Sudan facing severe hunger, says UN report

War-torn South Sudan weeks away from possible famine

IEP Resources:

Preventing malnutrition in post-conflict, Food insecure settings: A case study from South Sudan

Alarming food insecurity in several areas of East Africa due to severe drought

Integrated Food Security Phase Classification - Republic of Sudan

Food insecurity and conflict dynamics - Causal linkages and Complex feedbacks

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