Wildlife & Biodiversity

Maharashtra High Court quashes shoot-at-sight order against tiger

The court observed that the order was passed in violation of guidelines issued by the National Tiger Conservation Authority

By Ishan Kukreti
Last Updated: Friday 30 June 2017 | 05:30:13 AM

On June 23, the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife), Maharashtra gave the shoot-at-sight order. Credit: Wikimedia CommonsThe Maharashtra High Court, today (June 29), quashed and set aside “shoot-at-sight order” for a tiger issued by AK Mishra, the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife), Maharashtra on June 23.

The court observed that the order was absolutely illegal and “it was passed without following the due process of law and is in violation of guidelines issued by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).”

The order was challenged in the court by Jerryl Avinash Banait, a wildlife activist.

“The forest department did not make sure that the tiger was indeed a man-eater. The two deaths caused by the tiger have occurred in the buffer zone where humans cannot enter normally. Moreover, the tiger did not feed on the victims. Hence, it should not have been labelled as a man-eater,” says Banait.

The court also found that identification of the tiger and process contemplated in NTCA guidelines was not followed.

The NTCA guidelines say that:

  1. Under no circumstances tiger should be killed unless it is habituated to human death
  2. Elimination of tiger as “man-eater” should be the last resort after exhausting all the options to capture him live
  3. The Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCF) should record reasons in writing before declaring the tiger as man-eater
  4. Identity of the animal must be obtained through a committee constituted for the purpose, through camera trappings or direct sighting or pug impressions, besides collecting pieces of hair/ scats for DNA profiling.

Apart from the shoot-at-sight order, the PIL also urged the court to look into illegal human entries in reserved area, poaching and hunting of wildlife in reserved forests and missing of Jay—the largest tiger in the country.

The court also issued notice and directed the Ministry of Environment and Forest and Climate Change, Principal Secretary (Forests), and PCCF of Maharashtra and NTCA to file their reply on July 20 on the issues in the PIL.

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Related Story:

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‘Man-eater’ tiger shot dead near Mudumalai reserve

Corbett Tiger Reserve issues shoot-at-sight order to tackle poaching

IEP Resources:

Reduced to skin and bones re-examined: full analysis

Status of tigers in India, 2014

Question raised in Rajya Sabha on Rise in Man-animal conflict, 25/04/2016

Order of the National Green Tribunal regarding tiger conservation, 19/11/2015

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