Wildlife & Biodiversity

UNESCO declares world’s first 5-country biosphere reserve in ‘Amazon of Europe’

The 1-million hectare Mura-Drava-Danube is the now the largest riverine protected area in Europe

By DTE Staff
Published: Thursday 16 September 2021

The Drava river in Croatia. Photo: Goran SafarekThe Drava river in Croatia. Photo: Goran Safarek

The UNESCO September 15, 2021, designated Mura-Drava-Danube (MDD) as the world’s first ‘five-country biosphere reserve’, according to a statement by the World Wide Fund (WWF) for Nature.

The biosphere reserve covers 700 kilometres of the Mura, Drava and Danube rivers and stretches across Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary and Serbia.

The total area of the reserve — a million hectares — in the so-called ‘Amazon of Europe’, makes it the largest riverine protected area on the continent.

The WWF statement noted that the new reserve “represented an important contribution to the European Green Deal and contributes to the implementation of the EU Biodiversity Strategy in the Mura-Drava-Danube region.”

The strategy’s aim is to revitalise 25,000 km of rivers and protect 30 per cent of the European Union’s land area by 2030.

MDD’s recognition “was a mandate to all five countries to jointly advance the protection and revitalisation of the Mura-Drava-Danube area and boost sustainable business practices”.

The reserve is home to floodplain forests, gravel and sand banks, river islands, oxbows and meadows.

It is home to continental Europe’s highest density of breeding white-tailed eagle (more than 150 pairs), as well as endangered species such as the little tern, black stork, otters, beavers and sturgeons.

It is also an important annual resting and feeding place for more than 250,000 migratory birds, according to WWF. Almost 900,000 people live in the biosphere reserve.

Additional projects for nature and people are already being implemented in the area. They have a combined funding of around 20 million Euros and are co-financed by the European Union.

These projects put river revitalisation, sustainable business practices enhancing cross-border cooperation into focus.

One such project is the Interreg Danube Transnational Programme-funded Amazon of Europe Bike Trail, a long-distance cycling trail following the Mura, Drava and Danube river landscapes for over 1,250 km.

When booking this cycling adventure, part of the spending directly supports nature conservation initiatives in the region.

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