Environment Day: Green agenda for new government

Get the focus on environment and health, Mr Prime Minister


Environment Day: Green agenda for new government


EVERY NEW GOVERNMENT comes with baggage and opportunity. The problem is since the government is new, it wants to undo what has been done in the past, make new schemes and start again on the learning curve. The opportunity is that there is a new drive to do more, to deliver and to push for change.

Keeping these two facts in mind, we are presenting the Environment and Development Agenda for the BJP government that took charge on May 26, 2014, ahead of the World Environment Day.

First, what we do not want the new government to do. One, in the name of development it must not brush aside the idea that the environment, forest and wildlife concerns are critical. This does not mean we believe the current environment and forest clearance system is working. We want a drastic reform of the system so that it works for environmental protection. This requires reducing multiplicity of clearances, removing archaic laws and strengthening regulatory processes. The new government must not be bullied by the Supreme Court into creating an additional environmental regulator. This will only add to the institutional mess.

Two, we do not want the new government to discard old schemes which were introduced for inclusive growth. All the schemes for rural employment, water and sanitation, housing, nutrition and education are crucial. Without these, there is no idea of India.

But again, we want a change. We want delivery so that people have access to clean water, sanitation, employment, food and education. We have lost too much time making schemes on paper and then fiddling to make them even better, without ever focusing on delivery.

It is our belief that delivery requires good old-fashioned governance systems, which need constant monitoring and attention to detail. The delivery of schemes does require states to get more autonomy and control over funds and programme design. In the current system the Centre makes the plan, provides the money, but it is the state that has to operationalise the system of implementation. There is a huge disconnect. It is the state chief minister who should be accountable for delivery; it is he or she who should get the brickbats or the credit.

It is also our belief that people's aspirations have changed. They want more. They should get more. They should not be short-changed, once again, in the name of development, which benefits only some.

The new prime minister has famously and rightly said that toilets are more important than temples. This is the real agenda for the new government.

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  • Excellent coverage on issues

    Excellent coverage on issues Modi Government should address immediately. Energy and Water are the essential for progress. Even after 65 years of Independence the country still faces an annual deficit of 10,000 MW. The installed capacity in the country is about 2 lakh MW. China in one year added 2 lakh MW ! The paradox in our country is any power project you mention faces criticism and opposition. Coal - pollution:Hydro - Displacement of people; Wind - Birds death and noise; Solar - of late radiation; biomass - cutting of trees etc. In other countries there will be a big debate and discussion on policies. When once they are approved the projects are automatically carried out. In our country trouble starts after the projects are approved.
    Here are some People's Policies for prosperity for your consideration Narendra Modiji:
    There are millions of acres of waste land in the country. In this vast land care-free growth plants like Agave and Opuntia can be grown. Both are CAM Plants and regenerative. Being CAM Plants they can act as Carbon Sink when grown on a massive scale.There are several uses of these plants. Agave thrives in desert regions and is traditionally used to produces liquors such as tequila in Mexico. It has a rosette of thick fleshy leaves, each of which usually end in a sharp point with a spiny margin. Commonly mistaken for cacti, the agave plant is actually closely related to the lily and amaryllis families. The plants use water and soil more efficiently than any other plant or tree in the world, Arturo said. "This is a scientific factÔÇöthey don't require watering or fertilizing and they can absorb carbon dioxide during the night.The plants annually produce up to 500 metric tons of biomass per hectare, Agave(Americana),Sisal Agave is a multiple use plant which has 10% fermentable sugars and rich in cellulose. The fibre is used in rope making and also for weaving clothes in Philippines under the trade name DIP-DRY. In Brazil a paper factory runs on sisal as input. A Steroid HECOGENIN is extracted from this plant leaves. Since on putrification,it produces methane gas, it can be cut and used as input in biogas plants. Also in Kenya and Lesotho dried pieces of Agave are mixed with concrete since it has fibres which act as binding.
    Agave Competitive Advantages:
    Thrives on dry land/marginal land. Most efficient
    use of soil, water and light.
    Massive production. Year-around harvesting.
    Very high yields with very low or no inputs
    Very high quality biomass and sugars
    Very low cost of production. Not a commodity,
    so prices are not volatile
    Very versatile: biofuels, bioproducts, chemicals
    World-wide geographical distribution
    Enhanced varieties are ready
    Biofuel,Biogas and subsequent power generation as decentralised power utilising local resources and resourcefulness is the need of the hour. About 10 acres of waste land can be given on lease to Unemployed youth and 10 such youth can form a CO-OPERATIVE. This way vast wasteland can be brought under use and provides employment in rural areas.

    More than energy generation energy conservation yields immediate results. Enormous wastage of power occurs in Agricultural pump sets which are old. These are inefficient. A scheme can be chalked out to replace the old electric pumpsets with more efficient ones. A 5 HP Electric motor costs about Rs 20,000. A subsidy of Rs 15,000 can be provided to each Farmer. When for a large Solar Pump which costs Rs 6 lakhs,subsidy of Rs 5 lakhs provided,Rs 15,000 is peanuts. On the other hand the electricity saved from Advanced electric pump sets will find use in lighting,computers ,industry etc. as Electricity is a High Grade Energy.
    The agricultural sector accounts for about 30% of electricity consumption in India. The largest population of inefficient pumps and systems is also to be found in this sector. Two factors that adversely impact electricity consumption are, efficiency of the pumping system, and inadequate standards for motors and pump-sets.
    ICPCI{ International Copper Promotion Council (India)} is involved in several initiatives targeted at improving the equipment and distribution system efficiencies in the Agricultural sector. They have expertise and experience in :
    1. Propagate the use of Energy Efficient Motors for energy savings, in Industries.
    2. Promote the use of high efficiency motors and pumps in the Agricultural sector.
    Expertise from organisations like ICPCI can be availed by Government of India and State Governments in going in for high efficient agricultural Electric Motors. Even a 10 to 20 % efficiency in Electric Motors contributes much to the power demand in the country

    In the Schools and Colleges Occupational Skills can be taught. NCC/NSS should be made compulsory in Private Educational Institutes also.
    Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(AP),India
    Renewable Energy Expert
    E-mail: anumakonda.jagadeesh@gmail.com

    Posted by: Anonymous | 6 years ago | Reply
  • Dear Ms Narain, There is a

    Dear Ms Narain,

    There is a gross error in your quote. The quotation toilets are more important than temples was given by former rural minister Jairam Ramesh and not Modi. Just because Congress is not in power doesn't mean that you can discredit its people from the important statements they made. Ramesh was the one who made this bold statement and all saffron brigade was after it (you can cross check this with media).

    I hope you'll correct the error made.


    Posted by: Anonymous | 6 years ago | Reply
  • Dear Amrita Thanks for your

    Dear Amrita
    Thanks for your comment. I checked once again, please see this link.


    I hope this clarifies the issue

    I do of course remember Mr Ramesh making this statement as well and we had endorsed him and his commitment to sanitation. The issue now is to ensure delivery and implementation of the programme.


    Posted by: Sunita Narain | 4 years ago | Reply
  • No doubt India occupies 5th

    No doubt India occupies 5th Position in Wind Energy in the World after China,US,Germany and Spain. The phenomenal success of Wind Power in Germany and other Europen countries is through Wind Farm Co-operatives.

    Community wind energy:
    Community wind projects are locally owned by farmers, investors, businesses, schools, utilities, or other public or private entities who utilize wind energy to support and reduce energy costs to the local community. The key feature is that local community members have a significant, direct financial stake in the project beyond land lease payments and tax revenue. Projects may be used for on-site power or to generate wholesale power for sale, usually on a commercial-scale greater than 100 kW.

    A wind turbine cooperative, also known as a wind energy cooperative, is a jointly owned and democratically controlled enterprise that follows the cooperative model, investing in wind turbines or wind farms. The cooperative model was developed in Denmark. The model has also spread to Germany, the Netherlands and Australia, with isolated examples elsewhere . In India Depreciation Benefits are given to only big Industries investing in Renewables. Why not Government give Income tax benefits to Individual tax payers who invest in a WIND FUND(to be created by the Government) and give tax exemption under Section 80 C to start windfarm co-operatives. This way there will be mass participation in Wind Energy.

    Offshore wind power refers to the construction of wind farms in bodies of water to generate electricity from wind. Better wind speeds are available offshore compared to on land, so offshore wind powerÔÇÖs contribution in terms of electricity supplied is higher. However, offshore wind farms are relatively expensive.
    Economics and benefits
    wind power can help to reduce energy imports, reduce air pollution and
    greenhouse gases (by displacing fossil-fuel power generation), meet renewable
    electricity standards, and create jobs and local business opportunities.

    At the end of 2011, there were 53 European offshore wind farms in waters off Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom, with an operating capacity of 3,813 MW,[ while 5,603 MW is under construction

    USA, China, South Korea, Taiwan, France and Japan have ambitious plans to go in for offshore wind farms on a massive scale.

    Length of coastline of India including the coastlines of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal and Lakshwadweep Islands in the Arabian Sea is 7517 km. Length of Coastline of Indian mainland is 6100 km.
    Thorough Wind studies have to be carried out along the coast to identify the prospective offshore wind farm sites. Based on these studies a Pilot project can be started by MNRE which will help as a Demonstration project.

    Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(AP),India
    Renewable Energy Expert
    E-mail: anumakonda.jagadeesh@gmail.com

    Posted by: Anonymous | 6 years ago | Reply
  • Sir, have you sent your

    Sir, have you sent your excellent suggestions to hon'ble Prime Minster, as I very sure that most of the issues amy be implemented soon by the government. Regards

    Posted by: Anonymous | 6 years ago | Reply