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About 1.2 billion people in the world live with inadequate
access to safe drinking water. Over 2.6 billion do not have access to sanitation facilities
In developing countries 80 per cent of the health problems are linked to inadequate water and sanitation, claiming the lives of nearly 1.8 million children every year
Experts concur the problem is a water governance crisis. As competition for water becomes intense, corruption affects all aspects of the sector water resource management, drinking water and sanitation services, irrigation, hydropower and dams
Corruption affects both private and public water services. Every year, 10-30 per cent of the funds allocated for managing the water sector are being siphoned off. At this rate, the cost of water connection over the next decade will increase by 30 per cent
In industrialized countries, corruption is more common in awarding of contracts for building and operating municipal water infrastructure. The market is worth us $210 billion a year in western Europe, North America and Japan alone
In developing countries bribes to win contracts range from 1 to 6 per cent of the contract values. Petty corruption is rampant in service delivery
In China, corruption has left 90 per cent of the aquifers polluted and over 75 per cent of the river water flowing through urban areas unfit for drinking or fishing
In India, corruption undermines irrigation, as bribe exceeds 25 per cent of the contract value. Malpractices are common in tanker supply (73 per cent), meter installation (71 per cent), bill payment (43 per cent) and new connections or restoration of water supply (67 per cent). Financial leakages in watershed management programmes range from 30 to 45 per cent of the approved amounts
|Types of corruption in water sector|
|In percentage (An analysis of cases in Bangladesh)|
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