Cheaper fruits, vegetables could reduce deaths from cardiac disease, says study

A 10-per cent reduction in prices through 2030 could save nearly 64,000-69,000 lives

By Karnika Bahuguna
Last Updated: Monday 07 March 2016 | 06:40:41 AM

A 15-year-long media campaign would reduce the death rate by 0.3 per cent and result in 22,800-24,800 lives saved over the period (Photo credit: Thinkstock)

Reduction in prices of fruits and vegetables may be more effective in bringing down heart disease-related deaths than mass media campaigns over a 15-year period in the US, a new analysis has found.

The study, funded by the National Institute of Health and National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, was presented this week at the American Heart Association’s Epidemiology 2016 Scientific Sessions held in Phoenix, Arizona.

The study says that a 10-per cent reduction in fruit and vegetable prices through 2030 could lower the death rate from heart disease and stroke by about 1 per cent. This could save nearly 64,000-69,000 lives over a 15-year period.

Reduction in prices by 30 per cent, modelled to be the most effective, would curtail death rate by almost 3 per cent in the US, saving between 191,000 and 205,000 lives over 15 years, the study says.

In comparison, a year-long media campaign promoting the consumption of fruits and vegetables could taper the cardiovascular death rate by about 0.1 per cent translating to 7,500-8,300 lives saved, according to the researchers. A 15-year-long media campaign would reduce the death rate by 0.3 per cent and result in 22,800-24,800 lives saved over the period.

“Poor diet is a large contributor to cardiovascular disease, which is the biggest killer in the United States. Governments must therefore implement effective dietary policies to tackle this growing burden,” said Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, lead researcher and public health registrar at Imperial College London. “Both mass media campaigns and achieving price reductions of fruits and vegetables are important tools in achieving this.”

The study also notes that price reduction policies would affect non-Hispanic (not of Latin American origin) whites and blacks equally. In comparison, a mass media campaign would be about 35 per cent less effective in preventing deaths from cardiovascular disease in non-Hispanic blacks.

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IEP Resources:

Changes in intake of fruits and vegetables and weight change in United States men and women followed for up to 24 years: Analysis from three prospective cohort studies

Impact of the National School Lunch Program on fruit and vegetable selection in Northeastern elementary schoolchildren, 2012–2013

Do we produce enough fruits and vegetables to meet global health need?

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