Orissa starts accepting forest claims of Kondh tribals

Fight against mining corporation Vedanta to continue, say Niyamgiri dwellers

By Ashutosh Mishra
Last Updated: Saturday 04 July 2015

imageUnder pressure from the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF), the Orissa government has initiated the process of settling the community rights of tribals over forests in and around the Niyamgiri hills in Orissa's Kalahandi district.

The move follows the recent visit to the area by N C Saxena, head of the four-member committee formed by MOEF to look into mining related issues in Niyamgiri where the Dongria Kondh tribals live. The tribals have been resisting multinational mining corporation Vedanta's attempts to mine bauxite from the Niyamgiri hills to feed its one million tonne alumina refinery at Lanjigarh. The Orissa chief secretary Tarun Kanti Mishra assured that allegations of forest rights violation by the company would be inquired into.

“ I have received 10 community claim applications during the last one week and have asked the forest officials to prepare the maps of the respective villages following which gram sabhas would be called to discuss the claims,” said Kalahandi sub-collector, Nand Kishore Sethi. He refused to explain why the government was sitting on the matter for such a long time. Only four to five community claims under the the Forest Rights Act of 2006 have been settled in the past.

The 10 villages from where the claims have been received are Kadamguda, Kendubardi, Basantpada, Balabhadrapur, Rengopalli, Semalbhata, Dengasaragi, Palberi, Phuldumer and Kunakadu. People in these villages have been leading the movement against Vedanta. The company has already received Supreme Court’s nod and first stage clearance from MOEF for bauxite mining.

Vedanta's hopes of getting a second stage clearance to commence mining received a blow in January this year when a three-member committee of MOEF expressed concern over the likely adverse impact of mining on the biodiversity of Niyamgiri area and its tribal residents after a field visit. This prompted the ministry to set up another committee under N C Saxena, a retired bureaucrat and member of the National Advisory Council, to examine the matter in depth.

Sources said during his visit to Lanjigarh and Niyamgiri on July 7 and 8, Saxena met local residents and public representatives many of whom alleged denial of forest rights to the tribals and illegal cutting of trees by the company to widen roads in the area ( see 'Vedanta fells trees', Down To Earth, February 28, 2010). The president of Kalahandi Sachetan Nagrik Manch, Siddhartha Nayak accused the district officials of refusing to accept community forest rights claims of the people.

On his return from Lanjigarh to Bhubaneswar on July 10, Saxena met the state chief secretary to review the matter. Chief secretary Mishra later said that government would inquire into allegations of violation of forest rights in the area as it was keen to ensure that people were not deprived of their rights. Expressing hope that the process of settling claims would be completed within two months, Mishra said concerned gram sabhas would be consulted. Vedanta has been slammed by international human rights groups and the Church of England for violating the rights of the Dongria Kondhs.

People are sceptical about Orissa government's softened stance towards the tribals. Former chairman, Lanjigarh block, Khirabdi Sahu said “ experience of the past suggests the government never keeps its word in such matters. We will believe them only when they complete the process and people actually get their rights.” He also asserted that Kondh tribals of the area would continue their agitation against Vedanta.

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  • Well there are ways of

    Well there are ways of looking at it. Had there been no industry, and all initiatives of such companies were to be banned, we all would have been tribes... Kondhs should allow Vedanta to mine and ask for a mammoth relief package that takes care of at least two generations and may even ask for sops..

    Posted by: Anonymous | 10 years ago | Reply
  • Its true,the process of

    Its true,the process of industrialisation can not be reversed back, and at the same time,the protection of tribal identities and their indigenous knowledge/culture is important as well. The matter has become truly globalised as the almina major Vedanta has been criticized by human rights organisations and more important by the Church of England for violating the rights of the Dongria Kondhs.The Dongria tribe one day will move into history books,if their concern is not looked into and their rights are not protected. The government should take into confidence the concerns of these people and at the same time should stop the forces who tries to stall the progress and indulge in it to gain political benefits,may be at present or after a certain points of time.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 10 years ago | Reply
  • Most of the people in the

    Most of the people in the politics are corrupted so now are the industrialist following their foot prints.

    Save the nature and human beings rather than saving the money which you already have more than required.

    Media person write and show to the people using different mode such as TV regarding saving water, natural resources and decrease the pollution. Etc.

    It is true that many people might get job but have to suffer from pollution, have to go far place to enjoy the nature.

    Resorts are built and so on a small village will get transformed into town then city.

    Currently majority of them want to go to village and enjoy the calm and quiet beauty of nature which will be now destroyed only for revenue which might add one star to the company. Recently due to flood, many people died so as villages.

    I would request to the CEO of the Vedanta to think about the nature and people

    Posted by: Anonymous | 10 years ago | Reply
  • mining and tribals are both

    mining and tribals are both are two side of a balance..you can have the one at the cost of other. since India is developing country developmental work is more important than conserving our tribal areas
    better option is to rehabilitate the tribes with good packages. The other problem is corruption in rehabilitation process. Government need to look into this issue too.

    Posted by: Anonymous | 10 years ago | Reply