Agriculture

Impact of stalled monsoon: 30-45% decline in sowing of kharif crops in June

Cotton, oilseeds, pulses and coarse cereals are among the worst-hit crops

 
By DTE Staff
Last Updated: Friday 06 July 2018
More than a week-long break in monsoon has affected sowing of several crops. Credit: Agnimirh Basu
More than a week-long break in monsoon has affected sowing of several crops. Credit: Agnimirh Basu More than a week-long break in monsoon has affected sowing of several crops. Credit: Agnimirh Basu

There has been a more than 20 per cent decline in total sowing area of Kharif crops this June as compared to the same period last year. The total sown area as on June 29, 2018 stood at 16.52 lakh hectares as compared to 210.75 lakh hectare at this time in 2017, according to the press release issued by the ministry of agriculture and farmers welfare.

The impact of delayed arrival of the southwest monsoon, especially in eastern, central and northern India, is now evident. More than a week-long break in monsoon has affected sowing of several crops. Cotton, oilseeds, pulses and coarse cereals are among the worst-hit crops.

Till June 29, rice was sown / transplanted in 26.91 lakh hectares (ha) as opposed to more than 30 lakh ha last year. The drop in sowing area of pulses is very high at about 44 per cent. Equally concerning is the oilseed acreage. The area under oilseeds has also reduced by a whopping 44 per cent as compared with the corresponding period in the last Kharif season.

In case of coarse cereals, the acreage has shrunk from 34.02 lakh ha last June to 23.89 lakh ha this year, which is almost a 30 per cent dip.

The total area under cotton crop was reduced significantly to 32.20 lakh ha—a 30 per cent dip from 46.10 lakh ha cultivated in the same period last Kharif season. Cultivated area in states such as Punjab and Haryana, where cotton crop is sown early, have reportedly shrunk.

Crop

Area sown in 2018-19

Area sown in 2017-18

Rice

26.91

30.02

Pulses

10.72

18.18

Coarse Cereals

23.89

34.02

Oilseeds

14.55

26.00

Sugarcane

50.01

49.48

Jute & Mesta

6.93

6.94

Cotton

32.20

46.10

Total

165.21

210.75

Almost a month after the onset of the southwest monsoon, 290 districts—more than 42 per cent of the country—received deficient and largely deficient rainfall. Out of the 290 districts, 164 received deficient rainfall (-20 per cent to -59 per cent) and 126 received largely deficient rainfall (-60 per cent to -99 per cent).

Both spatial and temporal distribution of rain is important for kharif crops, which accounts for about 50 per cent of agricultural production in the country.

Subscribe to Weekly Newsletter :
Related Stories

Comments are moderated and will be published only after the site moderator’s approval. Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name. Selected comments may also be used in the ‘Letters’ section of the Down To Earth print edition.