Safety in mines has improved today compared to days of bonded mine labour. But mines which employ 1 per cent of the global labour force
Over half the world's mining accidents occur in the Asia-Pacific
February 19, 2006 65 miners killed in an explosion in Pasta de Conches mine, in Coahuila, Mexico
November 2006 23 killed in Halemba mine in Southern Poland
February 14, 2005 210 coal miners were killed in the Sunjiawan mine disaster in Fuxin city, Liaoning province in China
January 2, 2006 12 killed in Sago Mines, West Virginia, usa
September 6, 2006 50 miners died in Bhatdih Colliery in Nagda sector of Dhanbad district, Jharkhand
The number of deaths per tonne of coal produced in India is 8.64 times more than the us. This, however, is 13 times better than China. But the number to deaths in Indian coal mines is 24 times higher than Australian mines and 16 times higher than that of us (to produce a million tonne of coal)
Coal mines in India are more accident prone than those with other minerals and metals. In 2004, coal mines accounted for 81 per cent of accidents, 60 per cent of deaths and 83 per cent of injuries of the total disasters. This, after accidents in coalmines have actually dropped after the nationalisation of coal sector in the 1970s. In India, underground coalmines accounted for 54 per cent of the total casualties
In India, Jharkhand has the highest fatality record 26 per cent (in 2001). Illegal mining compounds matters in the state
In India--going by 2002 salaries--earnings of mine workers have increased 46 times compared to that in 1958, 100 times in iron ore, 28 times in manganese and 21 times in mica mines. But this is far lower than us mine wages an Indian coal miner gets us $3 per day while his us counterpart gets an average of us $114 per day
Accident Singareni Collieries, Andhra Pradesh Relatives of the 10 killed in the 2001 accident, given a one-time compensation of Rs 5,00,000 (us $11,300) and an eligible dependant was given a job
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