An important find at Gona in Ethiopia's Afar region, about 500 kilometres from Addis Ababa, is likely to fill a major gap in the story of human evolution. Fossils of Ardipithecus ramidus, one of the earliest humans who lived about 4.5 million years ago, are expected to provide insights into human ancestors who lived on the earth just after the split from the line that gave rise to chimpanzees some eight-six million years ago. A ramidus, who looked more like a chimpanzee, is believed to be the earliest hominid genus after the split.
"It is a very important finding because it does confirm hominids walked upright on two feet definitely 4.5 million years ago," paleoanthropologist Sileshi Semaw of the craft Stone Age Institute, Indiana University, the us, said. Remains from at least nine primitive hominids, including teeth, jaw and part of a toe and finger bones were found, the science journal Nature reports . Only a handful of such fossils have been found since A ramidus was first named by anthropologists nearly 10 years ago. Scientists believe the discovery will help understand anatomical and behavioural changes that define human beings.
We are a voice to you; you have been a support to us. Together we build journalism that is independent, credible and fearless. You can further help us by making a donation. This will mean a lot for our ability to bring you news, perspectives and analysis from the ground so that we can make change together.
Comments are moderated and will be published only after the site moderator’s approval. Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name. Selected comments may also be used in the ‘Letters’ section of the Down To Earth print edition.