Water

UN urges stronger response to address El Niño impacts

More than US $2.4 billion are needed for current El Niño responses and currently there is a $1.5 billion gap in funding

 
By DTE Staff
Last Updated: Tuesday 29 March 2016

El Nino may lead to a long-term decrease in water-security in African nations (Anita Ritenour/Flickr)

The United Nations along with its multiple agencies has called for a stronger response by governments, aid organisations and the private sector to address the strong impact of the El Niño. The weather phenomenon that began in mid-2015, is considered one of the strongest in history, having affected the food security, livelihoods, nutrition and health of around 60 million people around the world.

They noted that more than US $2.4 billion are needed for current El Niño responses and currently there is a $1.5 billion gap in funding.

The appeal came at a meeting organised in Rome by four UN agencies, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the World Food Programme (WFP).

A global crisis

El Niño has been related to droughts in central America, the Pacific region, east Timor, Vietnam, Ethiopia and southern Africa. In addition, floods associated with El Niño have affected certain parts of Somalia and Tanzania. These extreme events pose risks to health, water supply and food security.

The meeting underscored that while the 2015-2016 El Niño has passed its peak as a meteorological phenomenon, it will continue to influence weather patterns across the world.

Long-term impacts include higher malnutrition rates—one million children need treatment for severe malnutrition in eastern and southern Africa—and an increase in poverty.

People relying on livestock for their livelihoods are particularly vulnerable given the long time frame required to rebuild herd numbers which have been decimated by drought.

Proposed action

At the meeting, UN agencies committed to working closely with resource partners to help address the funding gap by prioritising areas that require urgent attention. They also pledged to assist the worst hit populations with a mix of short-, medium- and longer-term efforts, including scaling up of existing social protection schemes.

FAO, IFAD, OCHA and WFP said they would work with development partners to ensure that disaster risk reduction projects are stepped up in the most vulnerable areas.

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  • El Nino is not a new phenomenon. This is part of historical southern oscillation wherein El Nino and La Nina counter phenomenon. Also, the intensity of these vary with event to event based on general circulation pattern at that time of event, location of the event, Volcanic activity, Circumpolar Vortex status, etc. Prior to 1990 there used to be meagre data from ships.

    Dr. S. Jeevananda Reddy

    Posted by: Dr. S. Jeevananda Reddy | 3 years ago | Reply